Eisenach - Sightseeings & Informations


Eisenach is the main urban centre of western Thuringia, situated near the former Inner German border, located at the confluence of two rivers, the Hörsel and the Nesse. A major attraction is Wartburg castle, which has been a UNESCO world heritage site.




Eisenach was mentioned first time in 1180. Over the entire period of its existence, the city has experienced a huge number of falls and ups.


Wartburg Castle


Eisenach's history is closely connected with the Wartburg fortress, built in 1067. There were at least three settlements near the castle, which united into one in the second half of the 12th century. It was in the Wartburg Castle that Martin Luther translated the Bible into German, laying the foundations of the modern German language.


A 10 minuts video about the history of Eisenach and M. Luther.




Eisenach attractions:

  • The Town Hall (1596) is located on the Market Square, a light beige building with a dark gray tower and a gilded spire. In 1632 the town hall was badly damaged by fire and had to be rebuilt almost from scratch. Once again, the town hall was damaged during the bombing in February 1945.
  • The Luther House is one of the oldest buildings in Eisenach, where Martin Luther spent all his childhood. Currently, it is a museum dedicated to that period of the life and life of Luther himself.
  • House of Bach - here in 1685 J.S.Bach was born and lived for 10 years. Orphaned early, Johann Sebastian left his hometown, going to study with his older brother. Today it is a museum dedicated to the life and work of the composer; the atmosphere has been restored here as it could have been in J.S.Bach's childhood. The collection of the museum is represented by a variety of ancient musical instruments.
  • Ducal Palace-Residence - the building is located on the north side of the square. Currently, the palace contains an exposition of the Thuringian Museum: the exposition of the museum is devoted to the folk and manufacturing crafts of Thuringia of the 16th - 19th centuries (collections of porcelain, faience and glass).
  • Church of st. George (XII century) - the church is located on the Market Square.
  • The Church of St. Nicholas is a basilica, built in the 12th century as a church at a Benedictine monastery, next to the church there is the city gate of St. Nicholas, the only surviving of the five gates.




Karlsplatz and Marktplatz squares with their truly magnificent buildings could decorate any capital city. And, meanwhile, only 43 thousand people live in Eisenach.

You can find more informations at the Official site of Eisenach.


Map of Eisenach